Return on Investment & Costs

Calculation of Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) based on the chosen system components and available vehicles.

Consideration of relevant influencing factors

  • Bus price, service life, energy consumption, insurance, maintenance, charging infrastructure, annual kilometer
  • Battery capacity and guaranteed battery cycles
  • Actual costs & price trends (electricity/diesel fuel/battery
Battery price development


  • Write-off, operating costs, maintenance costs
  • Battery replacement (depending on battery size and guaranteed battery cycles)
  • Imputed interest (if requested)
Total Cost of Ownership

Benchmark E-Bus vs. Diesel

  • Costs comparison
  • Overall cost, per year and kilometer
  • Maximum allowable price for E-Bus vs. Diesel (break-even)
  • Subsidy (if necessary)
Annual Costs